If you are technical illiterate, it might a strange word that you may come across in your daily life. But in case of tech people it is most common work that they may use in their coding, networking, gaming, etc. Let us talk about IP Address.
The IP address system was introduced in 1993 by replacing the previous addressing system to improve the routing system in the network. The main goal of IP addressing system is to reduce the risk in routing systems in the network.
The IP address designed to identify to the individual devices that are connecting to a network to communicate to the other devices in that network. This IP address will allow us to identify where exactly the devices are located, this is similar to house/flat address.
IP Address stands for Internet Protocol Address, now let us find out some questions like what does and IP address do? An iP address is a set of rules and guidelines that regulate Online action and assist in monitoring a variety of activities on the World Wide Web. Therefore an IP Address is part of the consistently set out connected lines that controls online interaction by determining both starting gadgets and various Online locations, thereby making two-way interaction possible.
In Technical: The IP address is set up of 32 binary bit, which is divisible into a network portion and host portion by using a subnet mask. The 32 binary bits are broken into four octets (1 octet = 8 bits). Each octet is converted to decimal and separated by a period (dot). For this reason, an IP address is said to be expressed in dotted decimal format (for example, 172.16.81.100). The value in each octet ranges from 0 to 255 decimal, or 00000000 - 11111111 binary.
In Non technical: The IP address is set up with four partitions with each partition is having 1 to 3 numbers separated by a dot (.). Each partition can vary from 0 to 255 this mean an ip addres in each partition can be 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255.
This IP Address is the key for everyone who are connected to the internet to send and retrieve data over our Internet connections, Let us assume as if you are requested for a song the server respnds to your request and send the requested song to your computers based on your IP Address, so basically IP address will helps like a postal address for your device. Without Ip address you cannot to the internet.
Type of IP address
IP addresses can be divided into two categories, one is static IP address ad the second one is Dynamic IP address. Let us have a brief look on these two
Static IP addresses: The IP address which won’t change even if you restart your computer or by time are called as static IP addresses. This type IP address are exposed to hackers as these wont change on time to time and the hackers can easily try to enter into your computer using that static IP address. By using the internet security practices and by using firewall will help your computer in safe area. This type addressing system will be helpful for those who want to host the websites and E-Mail servers on their servers. As they are having static IP users can easily contact your server with your IP by using secure login details.
What is Dynamic Ip Address:
These IP Addresses are temporary address and are allocated each and every time when a computer is restarted or when a computer re-connects to the Internet. They are, in effect, borrowed from a pool of IP addresses that are shared among various computers over the network. Since a limited number of static IP addresses are available, many ISPs reserve a portion of their assigned addresses for sharing among their subscribers in this way. This lowers costs and allows them to service far more subscribers than they otherwise could.. This is generally used by normal users of the internet.
So far we have two versions of IP address one is IPV4 and the next upcoming version is IPV6.
IPv4: This is version that currently in use by most of the devices that connected to that internet. As we are running out of this ip address we might move on to new version of IPV6 soon.
IPv5: This is an experimental version of IP protocol for UNIX based systems. In keeping with standard UNIX (a computer Operating System) release conventions, all odd-numbered versions are considered experimental. It was never intended to be used by the general public.
IPv6: This is the upcoming IP Version for the replacement of the current IPv4 addressing system. As the IP Poll for IPV4 is full and the internet devices usage is increasing day to day, so a new addressing system is coming soon. The estimated number of unique IPs for IPv6 is 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456 or 2^128. This is 64 bit number.
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